Factory Pattern C#

Factory Design Pattern falls under the category of creational design pattern. It deals with the problem of creating objects without specifying the exact class of object that will be created. It is abstracting the process of object generation which is determined at run-time.

The behavior of a PizzaFactory class is to Bake a Pizza. So, the PizzaFactory class will create the object based on the choice provided by the customer of whether it is a Dominos Pizza or Pizza Hut.

interface IBake
    void Pizza();

public class DominosPizza: IBake
    public void Pizza()
        Console.WriteLine("Dominos Pizza is Served!");

public class PizzaHut: IBake
    public void Pizza()
        Console.WriteLine("Pizza Hut is Served!");

//The type of object created is determined at run-time.
class PizzaFactory
    public static IBake makePizza(int choice)
        IBake objPizza = null;

        switch (choice)
            case 1:
                objPizza = new DominosPizza();
            case 2:
                objPizza = new PizzaHut();
                objPizza = new DominosPizza();
        return objPizza;

Now suppose your Client is a Console Application in this case. The code will be as below:

class Program
    static void Main(string[] args)
        IBake objPizza = null;
        Console.WriteLine("Enter your choice of Pizza!");
        int choice = Convert.ToInt32(Console.ReadLine());

        objPizza = PizzaFactory.makePizza(choice);

Sort By Day of Week PowerBI

It’s a common scenario where you’d want to display data in a chart based on Day of the Week and it obviously will look good if sorted by the Day of Week starting say Monday.

In this scenario, my Model has sample Incidents data used by a team for the number of Incidents raised over a period of time. I’ve created a Measure for the Total Count of Incidents as below:

Total Count = COUNT(IncidentsData[Incident #])

I’m using a Stacked Column chart for the display purpose, so I need to create a column Weekday that will be calculated from the Created Date of the Incident.

WEEKDAY = FORMAT('IncidentsData'[Created Date & Time],"DDDD")

Create another column that shows the default number of the Weekday as below:

WEEKDAY-NR = WEEKDAY(IncidentsData[Created Date & Time], 2)

Now select the column Weekday column in the Model, Go to Sort by Column menu and Select the column Weekday-NR as the Sort order. This tells Power BI to sort Weekday Column by Weekday-NR.

Make sure to select Weekday as your sort column in the Stacked Column chart.

Create New Project TFS 2015

To proceed further, you must have Visual Studio 2015 or higher and TFS 2015 configured in your environment. Your account must have project creation privileges.

To configure a New Team Project under TFS 2015 from your Visual Studio, follow the below steps:

  1. From your Visual Studio, access the Team Explorer window (View -> Team Explorer), click Home and hover over Projects and My Teams and click New Team Project.

2. When New Team Project wizard appears, provide a name for your Project:

3. Select a Process Template:

4. Select Source Control Settings:

Review the Settings and Finish.

public, src and scripts folder not created with create-react-app

While creating a new ReactJS App on my Windows 10 machine, I faced the issue as described in the title even though I didn’t update any packages recently.

To resolve this, I tried updating node to the latest version from here. But that didn’t work. So I had to uninstall create-react-app package globally using the following command:

npm rm -g create-react-app

Install it again with:

npm install -g create-react-app

Then it worked fine with creating the App again:

npx create-react-app my-app

Docker desktop requires the server service to be enabled Windows 10

While trying to install Docker Desktop through the installer on my Windows 10 machine I kept got the error as mentioned in the title of this post. The installer can be downloaded from here which is the Community version since we’re working on the development environment.

To resolve this, we need to take care of some prerequisites as mentioned below:

  1. Install Hyper-V and enable it. If not already done, run the following commands in PowerShell in Admin mode:
Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Hyper-V -All
Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Containers -All

2. Once the above 2 commands are successfully completed. Open Services.msc in Admin mode and look for Server service. Enable this Service as per requirement to Automatic/Manual and set it to Running.

Restart your machine to complete the installation.

Show multiline text svg circle

For creating a circle using svg, you can follow this post. Then add the below code within the svg view box.

Normally you can use text tag to show some text in a svg component. But in order to show multiline text, we need to use HTML inside foreignObject tag as shown below:

< foreignObject id="content" x="20" y="25" width="100" height="100" >
                    < div >
                        < p id="txt1" style="font-size: 12px;">Text 1< /p >
                        < p id="txt2" style="font-size: 12px;">Text 2< /p >
                    < /div >
                < /foreignObject >

The x, y values should be set according to the svg view box. You can also use normal Javascript to modify the text using innerText property as below:

document.getElementById("txt1").innerText = "New Text 1";

Circular Progress bar svg javascript

In this post, I’ll give the code to create a Circular progress bar which I tried with a Start button and it resets every time you click on the start button and ticks every second for 60 seconds. The start button is shown using media control html code. The start button will re-appear once timer is reset.

If you’re using Asp.net Core MVC template, I’ve put the below code in index.cshtml file.

The HTML is as below:

< div >
            < svg class="progress-ring"
                 height="120" >
                < circle class="progress-ring__circle"
                        cy="60" / >
                < text id="play" x="40" y="70" onclick="startTimer()" >▶< /text >
            < /svg >
< /div >

Css is as follows in the site.css file:

.progress-ring {

.progress-ring__circle {
    transition: 0.35s stroke-dashoffset;
    transform-origin: 50% 50%;

#play {
    cursor: pointer;
    font-size: xx-large;

The below Javascript code is going to modify the svg stroke-dashoffset attribute as below in the site.js file:

var i = 0;
var interval;
var circle = document.querySelector('circle');
var radius = circle.r.baseVal.value;
var circumference = radius * 2 * Math.PI;
console.log('radius', radius);
console.log('circumference', circumference);
circle.style.strokeDasharray = `${circumference} ${circumference}`;
circle.style.strokeDashoffset = `${circumference}`;

function setProgress(percent) {
    const offset = circumference - percent / 100 * circumference;
    circle.style.strokeDashoffset = offset;

function startTimer() {
    console.log('circumference', circumference);
    circle.style.strokeDashoffset = `${circumference}`;
    document.getElementById("play").textContent = "ok";
    interval = setInterval(increment, 1000);

function increment() {
    i = i % 360 + 1;
    var perc = (i / 60) * 100;
    if (i === 60) {
        document.getElementById("play").textContent = "\u25B6";
        i = 0;

The stroke-dashoffset value is reduced every time to increase the progress with stroke-dasharray. You can play around with the radius to increase the circle size.

Binary Search with C#

It is a divide and conquer approach to search an element in the Array. At each step, the search space is reduced to half.

The first part of the program is a recursive approach to write the Binary Search algorithm. The second approach focuses on the iterative model. The code will spit out the index of the element if found.

public class BinarySearch
        //space complexity: O(log2 (n)).
        public int? fnRecursiveBinarySearch(int[] Arr, int k, int low, int high)
            int mid = 0;
            if (low > high)
                return null;
                mid = (high + low) / 2;
                if (k==Arr[mid])
                    return mid;
 //return position of found.
                else if (k < Arr[mid])
                    return fnRecursiveBinarySearch(Arr, k, low, mid - 1);
 //search in first half.
                    return fnRecursiveBinarySearch(Arr, k, mid + 1, high);
 //search in second half.

        //space complexity: O(n)
        public int? fnIterativeBinarySearch(int[] Arr, int k, int low, int high)
            int mid = 0;
                mid = (low + high) / 2;
                if(k==Arr[mid]) { return mid; //return position of found. }
                else if(k<Arr[mid]) {
                    high = mid - 1;
 //search in first half.
                    low = mid + 1;
 //search in second half.
            } while (low <= high);
            return null;


To test the above 2 approaches, we use a simple call to both the functions:

class Program
        static void Main(string[] args)
            BinarySearch bs = new BinarySearch();
            int[] Arr = { 5, 6, 3, 1, 8, 10 };

            Console.WriteLine("Recursively Found element at index: {0}", bs.fnRecursiveBinarySearch(Arr, 8, 0, Arr.Length - 1));
            Console.WriteLine("Iteratively Found element at index: {0}", bs.fnIterativeBinarySearch(Arr, 8, 0, Arr.Length - 1));

Time complexity is log2 (n), for both approaches. For the space complexity,
Recursive may reach to log2 (n) space because of the stack, but in the iterative approach, it should be O(1) space complexity.

Create html div as circle using HTML and css

Create the following div on your HTML page as below:

< div id=”circularDiv” class=”circluarDiv” >< /div >

Add the following css in your html file or common css file that you’re importing:

.circluarDiv {
     width: 100px;
     height: 100px;
     background-color: whitesmoke;
     border: 1px solid black;
     border-radius: 50%;

Please note that the width and height should be equal for the div. Keep the border and background colours distinct to easily recognize the element.

The border-radius is giving rounded corners to the Div.

Send email with classic asp

Below is an example function used in my classic asp code to send e-mail with Attachments. The e-mail is written in HTML format and attachments picked up from the physical path on the Server where the Application is hosted on IIS.

I’m using a hard-coded path in the sample below for the Attachment example. You can create a dynamic string by fetching the path from the DB.

I’m using CDOSYS mail provider object below to send e-mail.

Function GenerateEmailCEF(senderemail, recipient)
MailProvider = "CDOSYS"
EmailFmt = 0 'For HTML, 1 is for Plain Text ' SMTP Server Config
Dim rsSMTPSendUsing, rsSMTPServer, rsSMTPServerPort, rsSMTPSendUsername, rsSMTPSendPassword, rsSMTPUseSSL Dim SMTPSendUsing, SMTPServer, SMTPServerPort, SMTPSendUsername, SMTPSendPassword, SMTPUseSSL

SMTPSendUsing = "1"
SMTPServer = "smtp.xx.xx" 'Change as per your configuration.
SMTPServerPort = "25"
SMTPSendUsername = ""
SMTPSendPassword = ""
SMTPUseSSL = "false"

if MailProvider = "CDONTS" then set objMail=CreateObject("CDONTS.NewMail")

if MailProvider = "CDOSYS" then set objMail =CreateObject("CDO.Message")

objMail.From = senderemail
objMail.To = recipient
objMail.Subject = "Test Subject"

if MailProvider = "CDONTS" then objMail.MailFormat = EmailFmt
if MailProvider = "CDONTS" then objMail.BodyFormat = EmailFmt

'Created only HTML format
emailbod = "<html?<HEAD?<TITLE?</TITLE?</HEAD?<BODY?" 'Fix this
emailbod = emailbod & "<BR?Mail Body." 'Fix this

'Add attachments to mail.
newfn = "c:\Data\myfile.pdf" 'Path on the Server.

if MailProvider = "CDONTS" then execute ("objMail.AttachFile(" & newfn & ")")

if MailProvider = "CDOSYS" then execute ("objMail.AddAttachment(" & newfn & ")")

if MailProvider = "CDONTS" then objMail.Body = emailbod
if MailProvider = "CDOSYS" then objMail.HTMLBody = emailbod

objMail.BodyPart.Charset = "UTF-8"
objMail.HTMLBodyPart.Charset = "UTF-8"

if MailProvider = "CDOSYS" then
objmail.Configuration.Fields.Item ("http://schemas.microsoft.com/cdo/configuration/sendusing") = SMTPSendUsing
objmail.Configuration.Fields.Item ("http://schemas.microsoft.com/cdo/configuration/smtpserver") = SMTPServer
objmail.Configuration.Fields.Item ("http://schemas.microsoft.com/cdo/configuration/smtpserverport") = SMTPServerPort
objmail.Configuration.Fields.Item ("http://schemas.microsoft.com/cdo/configuration/smtpusessl") = SMTPUseSSL

if SMTPSendusername <> "" then
objmail.Configuration.Fields.Item ("http://schemas.microsoft.com/cdo/configuration/sendusername") = SMTPSendusername
objmail.Configuration.Fields.Item ("http://schemas.microsoft.com/cdo/configuration/sendpassword") = SMTPSendPassword
objmail.Configuration.Fields.Item ("http://schemas.microsoft.com/cdo/configuration/smtpauthenticate") = 1
end if

end if

set objMail=Nothing
End Function